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Japanese koi fish are specifically bred for both coloration and form. The ideal environment for koi is a pond, of at least 1000 gallons, with plenty of cover and adequate filtration. Koi are very resilient fish that can survive winter in a frozen pond, provided a hole is maintained in the ice with an airstone or floating heater for gas exchange.
The koi (Cyprinus carpio) is a larger relative of the goldfish. Ornamental ponds in Japan have featured selectively bred koi for centuries. Koi can thrive in temperate and subtropical climates, making them ideal for outdoor ponds in much of North America, Europe and Asia. Almost all koi are the same species, though some varieties were created through hybridization with closely related species of carp. Dozens of varieties and sub-varieties of koi exist, delineated by their coloration and finnage.
The Butterfly Koi boasts long, flowing fins that add grace and peace to even the largest backyard oasis. It is appropriately named for its long, flowing fins often resembling butterfly wings. It is these longer, distinct fins that differentiate the Butterfly Koi from standard Koi. The Butterfly Koi is available in a variety of colors and patterns, but is most commonly available in white, yellow, orange, or a combination of these colors. While Butterfly Koi can live longer than 200 years, their typical life span is 25 to 35 years.
Shubunkins are similar to the common goldfish in appearance. They possess nacreous scales (an intermediate between metallic and transparent scales that are pearly in appearance). The overlapping patches of red, white, blue, grey and black (along with dark speckles) normally extend to the finnage of Shubunkins. Shubunkins are excellent pond fish because they reach a length of 9 to 18 inches at adulthood.
Black Moor goldfish are popular because they are hardy fish and because their black color sets them apart from the more common gold color. Goldfish are typically easy to care for. Black moors in particular are able to withstand a wide variety of temperatures. They do well with other fancy goldfish varieties.
The beneficial Mosquito Fish can consume large quantities of insect larvae in your pond. Most backyard water garden enthusiasts use this species of Gambusia to control, as its name suggests, mosquitoes. However, this voracious feeder will also consume other insect larvae and algae to benefit your pond in numerous ways.
The goldfish is a freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae of order Cypriniformes. It is one of the most commonly kept aquarium fish but can be raised to full size in an outdoor water garden pond. A relatively small member of the carp family, the goldfish is native to east Asia.
The Chinese high-fin banded shark is a popular freshwater aquarium fish that belongs to the Catostomidae family. It grows to about 1.35 m long and is suitable for most home water garden ponds.
Algae Eating Black Japanese Trapdoor Pond Snails are the preferred species of snail for recreational and professional pond and water gardeners world-wide. Japanese Trapdoor Snails are one of the few snail varieties that can over-winter well and survive in harsher northern climates. Japanese Trapdoor Snails are a great asset in helping keep algae under control in your pond and water garden as they groom plants, planting-pots and water garden rocks and walls. Japanese Trapdoor Snails will tend to the ponds bottom, consuming any decaying matter such as leaves, excess fish food, and even fish waste.